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Here you will find everything about skin diseases and skin ailments as well as complaints and problems with hair and nails.

Skin problems are therefore often physically and mentally stressful because we can hardly hide skin diseases in public. Atopic dermatitis, psoriasis, rosacea and vitiligo or eczema are characteristic examples of these permanent skin problems. Boils usually recede quickly. Dry skin, warts and moles are usually exclusively a cosmetic problem.

Skin diseases and problems with hair and nails

Sun allergy

After the first sunbath of the year, people affected by sun allergies suffer from blotchy redness, pimples and itchy skin. The symptoms usually disappear again within a few days, provided the skin is not exposed to the sun again. However, sun allergy can occur in different forms, which differ in their symptoms and characteristics: light hives, Mallorca acne or polymorphic light dermatosis. A dermatologist can do tests to determine the exact type of allergy and treat accordingly.

Vitiligo

The white spot disease or check skin was staged by the Canadian model Winnie Harlow, who has made her disease her trademark since 2014. Vitiligo sufferers lose the skin pigment melanin, which causes light spots to appear on the hands, face, arms or legs. This is thought to happen due to an autoimmune disease – the body attacks itself. Vitiligo is incurable; all therapies are primarily aimed at cosmetic improvement. A doctor may prescribe ointments and preparations based on immunomodulators or cortisone.

Warts

These benign skin growths, which are triggered by viruses, arise on the hands, feet or face. The sharply demarcated, flat or raised tumors can be contagious and are transmitted through contact or smear infection through the smallest skin injuries. Warts usually do not cause pain for those affected – unless they occur in the form of plantar warts on the soles of the feet.

A doctor must only be consulted in the case of wart infestation if verrucosis (infestation of the whole body) occurs. Podiatrists can provide relief on the feet, over-the-counter medication and freezing sprays from the pharmacy put an end to warts on hands and face.

abscess

Abscesses are encapsulated boils. Depending on their size and location, they are harmless, painful or even life-threatening. More about symptoms, causes and treatment.

Synonyms

Pus bladder, boil, accumulation of pus

The best dermatologist in south delhi refers to encapsulated collections of pus as abscesses. Abscesses can develop anywhere in the body. They are usually the result of an infection. However, they also form when the body encases a foreign body and in response to injections or surgery.

Ultimately, abscess formation is a protective function of the body. Because pus accumulations are surrounded by an impermeable layer of tissue, the germs contained cannot spread into the organism. However, the protective effect is limited: If the covering of an abscess becomes permeable (perforated), the contents pour outwards over the skin or into the body. Depending on the location of the abscess, this can have life-threatening consequences. If a pus bubble bursts in the abdomen, for example, an acute abdomen quickly develops, which in turn can lead to blood poisoning.

A special form of the abscess are infections of the hair follicles. These collections of pus are known as boils or carbuncles.

Symptoms

The symptoms of abscesses depend on the location and size of the pus bladder. Some abscesses inside the body often go unnoticed for a long time. For example, they only cause pain when they become very large and put pressure on neighboring nerves or organs.

Most pus blisters, however, arise near the surface. These abscesses are often initially noticeable as a barely perceptible foreign body sensation. But pain soon sets in, which is particularly acute when pressure is applied to the abscess. Redness and swelling are other visible symptoms of superficial abscesses.

Such abscesses form particularly often in the genital area, on the anus or buttocks, as well as in the armpits, the bends of the joints and on the thighs. Large and deep-seated abscesses often cause flu-like symptoms with fatigue, fever, and aching limbs or headaches. Liver abscess pain, for example, sometimes radiates to the shoulder or pelvis and back.

acne

Acne is a blockage of the sebum gland openings due to excessive sebum production and cornification disorder. This creates blackheads (comedones) and pimples.

definition

Doctors differentiate between mild, superficial acne and more severe, deep acne with inflamed nodules deep under the skin. The deep acne often leads to scarring, while the superficial acne leads to scars only through incorrect treatment (“pushing around”). Very often acne develops during puberty and then heals without treatment; however, there are also acne sufferers aged 25-30. The face, chest, back and shoulders are mostly affected, sometimes just a few of these areas.

causes

  • Hormone changes during puberty, sometimes during your period or during pregnancy.
  • Bacterial infection of the blackheads.
  • Unsuitable, excessively fatty, comedogenic cosmetics (cosmetics that irritate the skin to form blackheads).
  • Certain drugs or chemicals (e.g. chlorine).
  • Whether diet plays a role is controversial.

treatment

Medical therapy

  • Prescription of strong peeling ointments
  • Prescription of an antibiotic, hormone preparations (e.g. anti-baby pill) or vitamin A acid tablets.

Self-help: what to do about acne

  • Wash the skin twice a day with a mildly disinfecting soap or washing lotion suitable for acne.
  • Avoid pressing on the skin as this will only worsen the inflammation. Blackheads can be softened with hot water compresses and then carefully opened with a comedone squeegee.
  • Sunlight can soothe acne.
  • Use special acne cosmetics.
  • Application of antiseptic or drying creams or gels, e.g. with benzoyl peroxide.
  • Apply soothing compresses or masks (chamomile, healing earth) on inflamed skin.